Non-invasive Glucose Monitoring
The global diabetes prevalence is estimated to be 9.3% in 2019 and is expected to rise to 10.2% by 2030 and 10.9% by 2045. Although there is no cure for diabetes, regular blood glucose monitoring and appropriate medication can control the symptoms.
Electrochemical glucose meters are accepted as being the most accurate and reliable glucose measurement devices. However, they are invasive and patients need to take three to six measurements daily. As a result, their nervous system may be damaged due to long-term usage.
There are a number of proposed approaches for non-invasive glucose monitoring, mainly based on optical, transdermal and electrochemical techniques. Due to the nature of these technologies, the proposed approaches are not suitable for continuous monitoring.
To address the problem, our proposed solution is a wearable sensor that makes use of transmission line implemented using a microstrip working at microwave frequencies to measure blood glucose non-invasively and continuously.